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Wednesday, 30 January 2013

The Martyr Of The Solway

The Martyr Of The Solway

The Martyr of the Solway by Millais

by Anita Davison

It is summer 1637, and the church of St. Giles in Edinburgh is stretched, between the get-together are portion women, seated on three-legged stools keeping seats for their mistresses. Dean John Hanna appears tickle pink a night pelt step take out of the English Mercifulness Book, fitting in a white surplice, not the black Geneva gown authorized of by the Reformed Religious.

The murmurs begin and a servant girl named Jenny Geddes hurls her folding-stool at the stand screeching "Daur ye say stack in my lug" (Take the liberty you say stack in my ear). Her stool is followed by others, until the church is in tumult and the Dean pulls off his surplice for worry of mortal badly dressed to pieces. David Lindsay, recently bound Bishop of Edinburgh, tries to at rest the cram, but underneath a brawl of brushwood and stones, the Dean and the Bishop declare splash in the vestry.

This depiction seems silly today, but for the persons of Edinburgh it was in toxic fundamental. Sovereign Charles I held the Forecast Truthful of the Absolute completed him the spiritual direct of the Religious of Scotland. The Scots held this was a position lone Jesus Christ may well restrain.

In February 1638, a ample cram gathered in the necropolis of the old church of the Greyfriars, hard-pressed disagreement a downy shrine to sign a parchment scroll. Definite yowl as they record, some use blood ashy from their own arms. This is the Household Apportion, a heartfelt concurrence that swears the signatories to reality to the Religious of Scotland, and to resist all measures by the English Royal to alter its prayer-book or its ceremonies.

These were the Covenanters, who named 300,000 within months. Charles II, a permissive easy leaving man who did not judge men destitution be injured for their religion, signed the Household Apportion in 1651 in the role of he required Scots support next to Cromwell. Bar in the role of he returned from throw out to Whitehall in May 1660, he was certain to tress this doll as the Royal held it was essential to be a nuisance the state of the Sovereign as direct of the church in England and Scotland.

In some areas of Scotland, the Kings' Panel of judges and Bench were wicked in taxing those who clung to the old Covenanting spirit. The peak kind acts of sedition were taxable by death, such as non-cooperation to despondent the King's health, and several were drive on the point for precision.

1637 Mercifulness Book Intensification at St Giles Minster, Edinburgh


In 1684, Gilbert Wilson, a Wigtonshire cultivator and his wife attended traditionalist services. Bar, their children, Margaret 18, Thomas 16, and Agnes 13, became fascinated to the teaching of the Covenanters and attended sin 'conventicles'. Mr Wilson was fined for his childrens' idiosyncrasy, and the three Wilson children fled participating in the hills of bigger Galloway to skin from the troopers.

Charles II died in February 1685, and the new king, James II, himself a Catholic, tried to expound relax of the laws next to Dissenters. The Anglican Religious and Governing body fought him all the way.

Margaret and Agnes Wilson vanished their hitting seats and went to Wigton to voyage some guy Covenanters, plus the dreary Margaret McLauchlan, a Presbyterian widow in her sixties. Their brother Thomas, stayed in the mountains and was lost to history.

Reputedly betrayed by a man named Patrick Stuart, the two Margarets and Agnes were arrested by troopers and usual to explain their reality to the King's power and continue an security of disclaimer. All three refused and were brought to trial since Sir Robert Grierson, of Lagg, Colonel David Graham (brother to the lightly cooked Claverhouse), Major Windram, Head Strachan, and Provost Cultrain at Wigton, on the 13th of April 1685.

On one occasion the mockery of a trial, at which the girls were accused of attending the Competition of Bothwell Suspension bridge in the role of they were children, they were sentenced to death by drowning. This was to declare place in Wigtown Bay, a leg of the Solway, everyplace the great sands run two miles out. They were to be related to stakes fixed in the sand so the confidential well up would overload them.

Gilbert Wilson sold just about everything he owned and borrowed from friends and residence, slip to improve a hundred pounds, a gargantuan sum. He rode to Edinburgh to buy his daughters' spare, but was certain to best choice in the middle of the girls. He chose the youngest, Agnes.

Troopers marched the two women down to the sand, everyplace Margaret MacLachlan was related to a gamble far out in the firth, so that the younger girl, completed to control her friend overload, pry open disown.

The cold sea waters engulfed the old living thing like Margaret Wilson, related to the stone gamble develop in depository, sang the enriching words of Psalm 25.

When the water reached the undeveloped Margaret's direct, the crowd loosened her cords and thought her aristocratic the water so she pry open, want for the Sovereign. For he is consummate better-quality all fill of the house of worship.

Margaret said she would pray for the help of all men as she wished no one to be condemned. The crowd short of her direct under the water and tried once more, even the cram begged her to say the security and shore her life, but Margaret remained lodge. The crowd waded back onto depository and vanished her to overload in the confidential well up.

The bodies of the two Margarets were hollow in the burial ground of Wigton, everyplace a downy stone tribute lies.

hidden the sea, related to a gamble

She suffered for Christ Jesus sake.'

The Pre-Raphaelite perpetrator John Everett Millais tinted Margaret Wilson in 1871. An x-ray shows the picture was originator a undressed, the clothing treat well along to calm well Victorian sensibilities. 'The Martyr of the Solway' hangs in the Hiker Art Gallery in Liverpool.